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「服務他人是你住地球應該付出的租金。」– 穆罕默德‧阿里 (拳擊手)
"Service to others is the rent you pay for your room here on earth." -- Muhammad Ali, Boxer
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天天閱讀英語島,在這裡感知世界,汲取英文的養分。
 
知名物理學家史蒂芬霍金(Stephen Hawking) 影響了一代人的宇宙觀,近日他再次呼籲人類探索太空、尋求其他適宜居住星球。除此之外,霍金也曾對人工智慧、人類的大腦意識做出預測,我們來看霍金的四大預言。

進入本文前請想一想,這些單字英文怎麼說: (A) 發出(警告) (B) 消耗 (C) 根除

 

Earth is becoming a fireball 地球正變成火球

Stephen Hawking has (A) issued another warning for Earth: Over population will increase energy (B) consumption and we have less than 600 years before the Earth turns into a sizzling fireball. “Speaking at the Tencent WE Summit in Beijing, Hawking (1) appealed to investors to back his plans to travel to Alpha Centauri. At around 4 light-years away, it's the closest star system to our sun. The venture is called Breakthrough Starshot and it would use a tiny spacecraft that travels at the speed of light. Such a system could reach Mars in less than an hour, or reach Pluto in days, pass Voyager in under a week and reach Alpha Centauri in just over 20 years.”—AOL.com

霍金再次提出對地球的警告:人口過剩將加劇資源消耗,六百年內地球會變成一個炙熱火球。美國在線報導,「在北京騰訊WE大會上,霍金呼籲投資者資助他的太空計畫,前往半人馬座α星。半人馬座距離太陽約4光年,是離太陽最近的星系。這項探險計畫稱作『突破星擊』,將使用小型奈米太空船以光速飛行。太空船可於不到一小時的時間內到達火星、幾天的時間抵達冥王星,不到一周就能經過『旅行者』號探測器,並可在20多年後到達半人馬座α星。」

(1)   Appeal to呼籲⋯;訴諸⋯ The United Nations appealed to the people of the developed countries for aiding those of the doveloping countries. 聯合國呼籲已開發國家人民援助開發中國家。

(2)   In conflict with 和⋯衝突;不一致Your statement is in conflict with the rest of the evidence. 你的陳述和其他的證據矛盾。

 

AI will be either the best or the worst thing to humans 人工智慧為人類帶來最好或最壞的下場

"I believe there is no deep difference between what can be achieved by a biological brain and what can be achieved by a computer. It therefore follows that computers can, in theory, emulate human intelligence — and exceed it," Hawking said. “That, he said, could lead to the (C) eradication of disease and poverty and the conquest of climate change. But it could also bring us all sorts of things we didn't like - autonomous weapons, economic disruption, and machines that developed a will of their own, (2) in conflict with humanity.”—BBC

「我認為生物的大腦與電腦,本質上並無分別。理論上,電腦可以趕上人類智慧,並超越它。」BBC報導,「霍金認為疾病、貧窮、氣候變遷,將因此根除。但是各種我們不樂見、有違人性的事情也將出現,如自動化武器、經濟瓦解、機器發展出自我意識等。」

 

We should hope aliens don’t find us first 外星人最好不會先找上門

"We only have to look at ourselves to see how intelligent life might develop into something we wouldn't want to meet," said Hawking, who has been public about his concerns about alien civilization.

"I imagine they might exist in massive ships, having used up all the resources from their home planet. Such advanced aliens would perhaps become nomads, looking to conquer and colonize whatever planets they can reach."

「只要看看我們自己,就可了解智慧生命體的發展,我們可能不會想與其相遇。」霍金向來公開表示對外星文明的擔憂。「我想像中,他們搭乘巨大太空船,已經用盡自己星球的資源。這樣先進的外星生命可能到處漂流,打算征服、殖民他們能到達的星球。」

 

Brain could exist outside body 大腦可獨立存在

According to the Guardian, at the premiere of a documentary film about his life, the theoretical physicist said: "I think the brain is like a program in the mind, which is like a computer, so it's theoretically possible to copy the brain on to a computer and so provide a form of life after death." "However, this is way beyond our present capabilities. I think the conventional afterlife is a fairy tale for people afraid of the dark."

英國衛報報導,霍金在他的生平紀錄片首映式說:「我認為大腦就像是電腦程式,理論上,大腦是可以複製到電腦上,在死後繼續存在的。不過,我們目前的能力仍遠無法做到。我也認為傳 統的來世觀念只是童話,是為了安慰怕黑的人。」


文/Nikki Lu

 

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