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「服務他人是你住地球應該付出的租金。」– 穆罕默德‧阿里 (拳擊手)
"Service to others is the rent you pay for your room here on earth." -- Muhammad Ali, Boxer
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英語島Newsletter
天天閱讀英語島,在這裡感知世界,汲取英文的養分。
 

每月的視覺造句專欄,是從眼到口,從看懂邏輯到熟練說出口的過程,抓住訊息組合的邏輯,英文就能從單字到句子、從句子到段落,一直講下去!

常看到一句話裡會有兩個動作,像是:
I want to have breakfast.
我想吃早餐。
I went swimming.
我去游泳了。

問題來了,什麼時候用to+動詞,什麼時候用動詞字尾加ing?

這裡不用硬記「名詞、形容詞、副詞」,只需要感覺to V的「企圖性」、了解句子的構成。後面會有更多練習。

to V表達企圖、打算未來

扮演名詞

to sing
To sing on the stage is my goal. 在那個舞台上唱歌是我的目標。

It is my goal to sing on that stage.

to play
Wilson wants to play video games. 威爾森想打電動。

not to stay → 否定的時候,not放在to V之前
I chose not to stay with my family. 我選擇不和家人住。

not to tell
Annie asked me not to tell anyone. 安妮要我不要告訴任何人。

to understand
It is hard to understand his words. 要聽懂他的意思很難。

扮演形容詞:修飾句子裡面的名詞

to do
I have something to do now. 我現在有事要做。

to pay
You have another bill to pay. 你還有一張帳單要付。

to start
I just don’t have the motivation to start reading. 我就是沒有開始看書的動機。

我們提到過,to + V的用法往往透露一種企圖或對未來的打算,也因此經常出現在這些名詞之後,試著自己造出句子,不確定對不對,寫訊息給我們:ask@eisland.com.tw
ability 能力
attempt 企圖
decision 決定
determination 決心
promise 承諾
permission 許可
privilege 特權
right 權利

不定詞扮演副詞:修飾句子裡的動詞

to see
She came to see you. 她來看你。

to get
I work so hard to get good grades. 我為了得到好成績非常用功。

to buy
We stopped to buy some snacks. 我們停下來買些點心。

表達建議:這時候會省略to,直接接原形動詞

(to) rest
You'd better rest a bit. 你最好休息一下。

not (to) go
You'd better not go there alone. 你最好不要一個人去那裏。

預定/溫和要求:be動詞 + to V,出現在比較正式的溝通裡

to be held
The meeting is to be held next week. 會議預定於下周舉辦。
會議是「被舉辦」,所以用被動式

to be avoided
Such mistakes are to be avoided. 這樣的錯誤應該避免。

V-ing 表達事情狀態

dancing
Dancing is fun and good for your health. 跳舞好玩又有益健康。

watching TV series
I enjoy watching TV series. 我很喜歡看影集。

smoking
You should quit smoking as early as possible. 你應該盡早戒菸。

hearing
I am used to hearing that. 我很習慣聽到人家這麼說。

moving
I am excited about moving to a new city. 我很興奮要搬到一個新城市。

leaving
Andy is sad about her leaving. Andy對她的離去感到傷心。
leaving名詞化了,把she改成所有格her + 名詞 leaving文法才正確。

 

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