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「服務他人是你住地球應該付出的租金。」– 穆罕默德‧阿里 (拳擊手)
"Service to others is the rent you pay for your room here on earth." -- Muhammad Ali, Boxer
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天天閱讀英語島,在這裡感知世界,汲取英文的養分。
 
compare and contrast 比較與對比結構:掌握已知與未知

英文文章的常用結構中,有一種結構可以使讀者快速知道兩者之間的相同、差異,面對不熟悉的主題掌握已知的跟未知的,這種結構就是compare and contrast比較與對比結構。

比較與對比結構圖


閱讀重點:

比較 (comparison) 的文章中相同點 (similarities)是什麼

對比 (contrast)的文章中差異性 (differences)又是什麼

 

比較常用開場句:

  • There are several ways that _____ and _____ are different.
  • _____ differs from _____.
  • Contrary to _____
  • _____ contradicts_____.

比較常用總結句:

  • People tend to prefer _____.

對比常用開場句:

  • _____ and _____ have things in common. …有相同之處
  • _____ and _____ are alike in several aspects. …在很多方面很像

對比常用總結句:

  • Both like to _____. 都喜歡…
  • Neither is _____. 都不…
  • Both contain _____. 都含有…

範例文章:
Private offices are, as the name suggests, private and often occupied by only one very senior employee. While the size of private offices vary, all have doors providing not only a quiet workspace with minimal distractions but also facilitate meetings and conversations about sensitive or confidential matters. Unlike private offices, open-plan offices offer no privacy from the eyes and ears of colleagues. The lack of aural privacy is the same when working in cubicles, but the low partitions offers slightly more privacy visually. Both open-plan and cubicles are used for hot-desking.

compare訊號字:
unlike
same
more
both
alike
as
can be compared
correspondingly
comparatively
even
equal
in common
in the same way
in the same manner
just as
less than
more than
similar to
share

contrast訊號字:
but
although
and yet
by contrast
conversely
despite
differ
difference
either or
even though
however
in contrast
instead
former/latter
neither nor
nevertheless
on the contrary
on the other hand
opposite
regardless
still
though
unless
unlike
vary
whereas
while

 

內容選自《一張圖搞懂2018.6月號》訂閱雜誌

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