Binghamton University's Harpur College observed 126 students, who read a series of messages displayed as texts on a screen or handwritten notes on loose-leaf paper, which were similar to notes students passed around before texting was available. In the 16 experimental exchanges, the sender's message contained a statement followed by an invitation phrased as a questions such as, ‘Dave gave me his extra ticket. Wanna come?’
The receiver then gave a one-word response like ‘Okay’, ‘Sure’, ‘Yeah’ or ‘Yup’.
Half of the participants' responses were with a full stop and the other half did not use it.
Based on the responses, text messages that ended with a full stop were rated less sincere than text messages that did not end with a period. These results suggest that punctuation can (A) misconstrue or influence the meaning of text messages.
TEXT MESSAGES ARE CHANGING THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
New Words:Open any recent published dictionary and you will see SMS and LOL added to it.
Acronyms aren't just a short way to get your point across in text message, they have been added as permanent words to the English language.
No more hyphens:Nearly 16,000 thousand words have been stripped of their hyphens in recent dictionary versions: leap-frog has become leapfrog, make-over has become makeover, and post-modern has become postmodern, all because people are too lazy to reach for that one extra key.
leap-frog=> (1) leapfrog
make-over =>(2) makeover
No more thought out ideas or emotion:Thoughts and ideas are now being constricted to 160 or 140 character tweets, so the color and excitement of explaining things is (2) trickling down to just a few boring words.
Spelling/Reading/Writing: We now have auto-correct, so no need to learn and memorize how a word is spelled. Text messages can be created without using letters, and it's no wonder American students' reading and writing scores haven't improved over the years.
‘Texting is lacking many of the social cues used in actual face-to-face conversations,’ said Celia Klin, associate professor of psychology and associate dean at Binghamton University's Harpur College. ‘When speaking, people easily convey social and emotional information with eye gaze, facial expressions, tone of voice, pauses, and so on. ‘People obviously can't use these mechanisms when they are texting.’ Thus, it makes sense that texters rely on what they have available to them -- emoticons, deliberate misspellings that (B) mimic speech sounds and, according to our data, punctuation.’
Recently, Klin's team conducted a follow-up study and found that text response with an exclamation mark is interpreted as more sincere. ‘That's not surprising, but it broadens our claim,’ said Klin. ‘Punctuation is used and understood by texters to convey emotions and other social and pragmatic information.’
‘Given that people are wonderfully adept at communicating complex and (C) nuanced information in conversations, it's not surprising that as texting evolves, people are finding ways to convey the same types of information in their texts.’
(1) Leapfrog 蛙跳
The virus leapfrogged from town to town. 病毒跳躍式地在城鎮間散播。
(2) Makeover 大改造
The street's makeover has increased a sense of community.
參考資料：Daily Mail Online